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Discover Arthritis Symptoms And Treatments

What Is Arthritis?

The term “arthritis” simply means inflammation of the joints. In most cases, this inflammation occurs after the cartilage in the joint has been damaged. Cartilage is the flexible connective tissue that protects the joints by absorbing the shock and pressure imposed by movement. A decrease in the amount of cartilage protecting a joint sometimes results in arthritic inflammation. However, infection and autoimmune diseases can also cause arthritis.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that 54.4 million adults in America have been diagnosed with arthritis. More than 23.7 million of those diagnosed have been forced to curtail physical activity as a result.

Arthritis typically develops over time, which is why it is most common among people over the age of 65. However, children, teens, and young adults can also develop arthritis. Women and people who are overweight are more likely to suffer from arthritis, but injuries, infections, immune system dysfunction, abnormal metabolism, diet, genetic makeup, high blood pressure, and smoking can all be factors as well.

There are more than 200 types of arthritis. Each has a different cause and treatment. Sometimes, individuals have arthritis in multiple joints, or have different types of arthritis spread among several joints.

The most common types of arthritis include:

What Are The Symptoms Of Arthritis?

The primary symptoms of arthritis are stiffness, swelling, redness, pain, and decreased range of motion in a joint. The symptoms usually get worse as an individual ages. Those who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis may also experience other symptoms related to the inflammation of the immune system, such as tiredness, loss of appetite, a slight fever, or anemia.

How Is Arthritis Diagnosed?

When joint stiffness or pain continues over a period of time, it is important to consult with a physician. Typically, a primary care physician can assess the symptoms and determine if they necessitate a consultation with a specialist. If your symptoms are severe, a visit to a rheumatologist may lead to a faster diagnosis and treatment.

When joint stiffness or pain continues over a period of time, it is important to consult with a physician. Typically, a primary care physician can assess the symptoms and determine if they necessitate a consultation with a specialist. If your symptoms are severe, a visit to a rheumatologist may lead to a faster diagnosis and treatment.

How Is Arthritis Treated?

Treatment plans depend on the type of arthritis diagnosed, the extent of the joint damage, the level of pain, the patient’s overall health, and the impact on mobility and quality of life.

Treatment options may include medication, non-pharmacologic therapies (icing/heat), physical and/or occupational therapy, the use of assistive or stabilizing devices (walkers/canes), patient education and support, low-impact aerobic exercise, weight loss, nutritional counseling, and/or surgery for joint repair or replacement.

While there is no cure for arthritis, in most cases, the pain, stiffness, and reduction of joint mobility can be treated and effectively managed.

Sources:

“Arthritis,” Healthlinehttps://www.healthline.com/health/arthritis#outlook

“Arthritis,” Mayo Clinic websitehttps://www.mayoclinic.org/diseasesconditions/arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350772#:~:text=Arthritis%20is%20the%20swelling%20and,are%20osteoarthritis%20and%20rheumatoid%20arthritis.

“What are the causes and types of arthritis?,” Medical News Todayhttps://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/7621#natural_remedies.

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